Rosacea is a chronic facial rash that mainly affects the central portion of the face. It is defined by persistent facial redness and skin thickening. Over time, if left untreated, redness can become more consistent and in severe cases, rhinophyma can develop. This is when the skin on the nose becomes thickened, appearing bulbous and bumpy. The causes of rosacea are still unknown but various factors can contribute to flare-ups. This includes environmental conditions, lifestyle, and sun damage.
Because the symptoms of rosacea can vary from person to person, it’s important to tailor treatment to each individual. Oral and topical medications can be used to manage the condition, along with anti-inflammatory medications to prevent flare-ups. In certain cases, lasers or light therapy can be used to alleviate symptoms.