Melasma is a common skin disorder in which patches of discoloration occur on both sides of the face. The discoloration is darker than the rest of your skin color. Although this condition is harmless, it may make patients feel distressed or self conscious. It occurs most frequently in women and those with a family history of melasma.
Pregnancy, oral contraceptives, and hormonal changes can all cause melasma.The most significant triggers for melasma are exposure to the sun, heat, and visible light. Treatment is based on the underlying causes of your melasma, and can include topical therapies, microdermabrasion, laser treatments, and chemical peels. It’s also essential to prevent sun exposure and use a sunscreen of at least SPF 30 daily in order to keep melasma from darkening even more or reoccurring.